Dating Abuse Prevalence Consequences and Predictors
The current study was one of the first empirical attempts to prospectively predict dating aggression in late adolescence from observations of interactions with mothers two years earlier. Both boys and girls who had more deviant friends reported more physical aggression towards their dating partner. Whereas parental involvement was unrelated to physical dating aggression for girls, boys who reported that their parents monitored them more closely reported lower levels of perpetration. Longitudinal effect of intimate partner abuse on high-risk behavior among adolescents. Dating violence and substance use among ethnically diverse adolescents.
An additional limitation is that the study did not examine ethnicity as a potential moderator of predictive associations. Taking stock of behavioral measures of adolescent dating violence. More recent research suggests that these relationships are not necessarily transient and are intertwined with many aspects of development Carver et al.
To illustrate, MacFayden-Ketchum, Bates, Dodge, and Pettit found that an authoritative supportive parenting style led to improved behavioral functioning for girls but not for boys. If so, prevention efforts could build skills around more productive ways to establish a sense of autonomy in the context of dating relationships. Societal change and change in family violence from to as revealed by two national surveys.
Advance online publication. An information processing model for the development of aggression. Third, the study also did not include more detailed measures of these early romantic relationships so it was not possible to describe characteristics of the dating experiences. Dating violence perpetration and drinking among youth.
Attachment and autonomy during adolescence. Physical dating aggression growth during adolescence. Student data were collected in small groups via a computer-assisted survey instrument using laptop computers. Understanding teen dating violence.
Development and Psychopathology. Adolescent behaviors supporting autonomy predicted higher reports of perpetration of physical dating aggression for high-risk adolescents, but not for low-risk adolescents. Peers, drug use, and delinquency. Accordingly, there are limitations in the extent to which these results can go beyond suggesting relations worthy of further study.
Although these gendered findings are consistent with results from other adolescent samples Avery-Leaf et al. Gender differences in the longitudinal predictors of dating violence. Direct and indirect effects of neighborhood characteristics on the perpetration of dating violence across adolescence. The development of romantic relationships in adolescence.
Adolescent Development and Psychopathology. Encyclopedia of Adolescence Edition. Because dating aggression has been demonstrated in some studies to differ depending on adolescent sex, race, and socioeconomic risk, we explored these variables as potential moderators.
An integrated model of emotion processes and cognition in social information processing. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Measuring emotional abuse in dating relationships as a multifactorial construct. However, dating relationships that are violent and abusive can have harmful effects on psychosocial development and adjustment across the life-course Exner-Cortens et al.
Dating Abuse Prevalence Consequences and Predictors
Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Journal of Quantitative Criminology. Clinical Psychology Review. Additionally, at-risk teens demonstrated fewer behaviors both supporting and inhibiting autonomy and fewer behaviors both supporting and inhibiting relatedness. Journal of Family Violence.
- Relations between parenting and peer variables and perpetration of physical dating violence.
- Assessing the long-term effects of the Safe Dates program and a booster in preventing and reducing adolescent dating violence victimization and perpetration.
- Thus, understanding potential links between peer and parent influences and dating aggression in a sample of early adolescents may highlight key directions for prevention efforts.
- Early romantic affiliations tend to emerge from existing peer networks Connolly et al.
- Predictors of latent trajectory classes of physical dating violence victimization.
Health Education and Behavior. Autonomy and relatedness coding system manual. Physical Victimization transformed. Authoritative parenting and adolescent adjustment across various ecological niches.
Journal of Community Psychology. Experimental personality and psychopathy research. Data were omitted from nine students because of patterned responses e.
An evaluation of Safe Dates, an adolescent dating violence prevention program. Footnotes The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Efficacy of a dating violence prevention program on attitudes justifying aggression. Thus, the sample sizes vary somewhat across the results. Finally, abuse gender moderated the interaction between peer deviancy and parent support for nonaggressive solutions.
Furthermore, early daters were more likely to engage in drug use and delinquency. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Intervening at this age may prove to be beneficial in altering maladaptive behaviors before they become more intractable. Mothers reported on annual household income and number of persons supported by this income.
Factors associated with abusive relationships among maltreated and nonmaltreated youth. Investigation of this interesting pattern is an important goal for future research in this area. Noteworthy are consistent findings showing that girls are as or more likely than boys to report physical aggression toward dating partners Magdol et al.
The effect of emotion regulation strategies on anger. Given the dearth of research, dating a cougar we did not have hypotheses about whether gender moderated the interactions of peer deviance and parenting behaviors. This study is based on the baseline assessment from two successive cohorts of sixth graders. The synergy of family and neighborhood on rural dating violence victimization. Those youth who were involved with highly deviant peers also reported higher levels of physical dating violence.
Gender differences in adolescent dating abuse prevalence, types, and injuries. Another indirect effect emerged for the relation between beliefs supporting proactive aggression and dating aggression through anger inhibition. This study extends previous research by examining whether parental support for aggressive and nonaggressive responses to conflict extends to dating aggression in early adolescence.
- Shared longitudinal predictors of physical peer and dating violence.
- Minority adolescents demonstrated fewer behaviors both supporting and inhibiting autonomy and fewer behaviors supporting relatedness in their interaction tasks than their Caucasian counterparts.
- Students received a small incentive for returning the consent form, regardless of consent status e.
- Gwartney-Gibbs, Stockard, and Bohmer found that involvement with aggressive peers was associated with dating aggression among undergraduates.
- Research on the etiology of dating violence is in its early stages.
It is also possible that these results may be explained at least in part by considering social norms regarding gender roles in intimate relationships. The results provide additional support for the growing concern around the risk associated with early dating and physical violence within these early adolescent dating relationships. Parent and peer predictors of physical aggression and conflict management in romantic relationships in early adulthood. Autonomy and relatedness in family interactions as predictors of negative adolescent affect.
The role of families and care givers as risk and protective factors in preventing youth violence. Scores were based on the mean of the subscale items. Recognizing this, numerous organizations have declared preventing adolescent dating abuse a public health and human rights imperative Graffunder et al. It has been suggested that boys may be reluctant to admit to dating aggression because of the societal unacceptability of such behaviors and therefore may underreport. However, less research has been conducted on associations between peer deviance and dating violence.